Ketones are released into the body as the fat is broken down. If you have diabetes, certain things can make this more likely to happen, including: having an infection, such as flu or a urinary tract infection (UTI)
Can ketones in urine mean infection?
WBCs in the urine may mean a UTI is present. Ketones. When fat is broken down for energy, the body makes substances called ketones (or ketone bodies). These are passed in the urine.
Can infection cause high ketones?
Additionally, there may be signs of illnesses such as sepsis, pneumonia, and urinary tract infections that can lead to high ketone levels.
What can cause ketones in urine Besides diabetes?
People without diabetes can also have ketones in the urine if their body is using fat for fuel instead of glucose. This can happen with chronic vomiting, extreme exercise, low-carbohydrate diets, or eating disorders.
What does the presence of ketones in the urine indicate?
The presence of ketones in the urine probably indicates that the body is using fats rather than carbohydrates for energy. High levels of ketones may be present in the urine of individuals with uncontrolled diabetes because the body’s ability to metabolize carbohydrates is defective.
What should I do if I have ketones in my urine?
Talk to your doctor immediately if your urine results show moderate or large amounts of ketones. This is a sign that your diabetes is out of control, or that you are getting sick. If you are unable to reach your diabetes care team, head for the emergency room or an urgent care facility.
What is the fastest way to get rid of ketones?
You can also try these steps to bring down your ketone levels:
- Drink extra water to flush them out of your body.
- Test your blood sugar every 3 to 4 hours.
- Don’t exercise if you have high blood sugar and high ketones.
What happens if your ketones are too high?
If your cells don’t get enough glucose, your body burns fat for energy instead. This produces a substance called ketones, which can show up in your blood and urine. High ketone levels in urine may indicate diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), a complication of diabetes that can lead to a coma or even death.
What happens when ketones are high?
When ketones build up in the blood, they make it more acidic. They are a warning sign that your diabetes is out of control or that you are getting sick. High levels of ketones can poison the body. When levels get too high, you can develop DKA.
What are the long term effects of ketoacidosis?
On admission to hospital, these patients have a distinct clinical presentation: polyuria, polydipsia, nausea or vomiting, diffuse abdominal pain and hyperventilation. Left untreated, DKA can lead to cerebral oedema (more common in paediatric DKA patients), coma or death.
What do ketones in the urine smell like?
People with diabetes may have a very high level of ketones in their bloodstream. When the body excretes these in urine, they can make the urine smell like popcorn. A high level of ketones in the urine or blood is called ketosis.
Can you have ketones with normal blood sugar?
Ketones can also be present when your blood sugar is normal or low.
How long do ketones show up in urine?
The strips typically expire within three to six months after opening, so keep in mind how often you intend to use them ( 7 ). If you want to check your urine ketones day-to-day, stick with a specific time, like in the morning or several hours after your last meal of the day, for best comparison ( 8 ).
Does drinking water reduce ketones?
Ketones are acidic and some of these ketone bodies are flushed out instead of used for fuel to ensure they don’t accumulate in the body. Drinking more water supports the kidneys’ role of filtering out any unnecessary toxins that may be lingering.
What is a good level of ketones in urine?
The results are usually listed as small, moderate, or large as follows: Small: <20 mg/dL. Moderate: 30 to 40 mg/dL. Large: >80 mg/dL.