A ketone test can warn you of a serious diabetes complication called diabetic ketoacidosis, or DKA. An elevated level of this substance in your blood can mean you have very high blood sugar. Too many ketones can trigger DKA, which is a medical emergency.
What happens if you have too many ketones?
Body fats and proteins are broken down for energy, producing ketones as a waste product. When too many ketones pile up in your bloodstream, a condition called ketoacidosis or diabetic ketoacidosis can occur. This is a life-threatening condition that makes your blood acidic and can harm your organs.
How many ketones is too much?
What do my results mean?
|normal/negative||less than 0.6 millimoles per liter (mmol/L)|
|low to moderate||0.6 to 1.5 mmol/L|
|high||1.6 to 3.0 mmol/L|
|very high||greater than 3.0 mmol/L|
When should I worry about ketones?
Talk to your doctor immediately if your urine results show moderate or large amounts of ketones. This is a sign that your diabetes is out of control, or that you are getting sick. If you are unable to reach your diabetes care team, head for the emergency room or an urgent care facility.
Is it safe to be in ketosis all the time?
Ketosis is likely safe for most people, especially if they follow it with a doctor’s supervision. However, it can have some negative effects, especially at the start. It’s also unclear how a ketogenic diet may affect the body long term ( 7 ).
What color should my ketone strip be?
Different brands of strips may differ in their exact color-coding, but generally a dark purple color is used to indicate the highest level of ketones. Test strips also have a color corresponding to a “negative” test—these results mean no ketones were detected. It’s important to follow the 15-second rule.
What ketone level is too high?
1.6 to 3.0 mmol/L – a high level of ketones and could present a risk of ketoacidosis. It is advisable to contact your healthcare team for advice. Above 3.0 mmol/L – a dangerous level of ketones which will require immediate medical care.
Does drinking water reduce ketones?
Drinking more water
Many people suggest that drinking more water may help reduce a person’s keto breath. This is because the body expels more ketones in urine rather than as a breath. By drinking water, people will produce more urine, which will help expel many of the ketones from the body.
What time of day are ketones highest?
However, different individuals tend to vary in the levels and pattern of their blood ketones. Some people are highest in the morning and tend to have reduced levels after meals (perhaps due to the dietary protein and carbs they consume). Others of us tend to be low in the morning and then rise during the day.
What is a good ketone level?
A preferable blood level of ketones for dietary ketosis is 0.5 – 3 mmol/L (9 – 54 mcg/dl) ( 11 ). Measuring the ketones in your blood is a more accurate but also more expensive way of measuring ketosis.
What to do if your ketones are too high?
Too many ketones can trigger DKA, which is a medical emergency. Regular tests you take at home can spot when your ketone levels run too high. Then you can take insulin to lower your blood sugar level or get other treatments to prevent complications.
What is the fastest way to get rid of ketones?
You can also try these steps to bring down your ketone levels:
- Drink extra water to flush them out of your body.
- Test your blood sugar every 3 to 4 hours.
- Don’t exercise if you have high blood sugar and high ketones.
Why are my ketones so high?
You can be in ketosis if you’re on a low-carbohydrate diet or fasting, or if you’ve consumed too much alcohol. If you’re in ketosis, you have a higher than usual level of ketones in your blood or urine, but not high enough to cause acidosis. Ketones are a chemical your body produces when it burns stored fat.
Can you live on keto forever?
“I don’t recommend staying on the keto diet permanently. It can be really restrictive,” says Mancinelli. Long-term research on the keto diet is limited, so there’s no telling for sure what cutting out certain major food groups and cutting carbs will eventually do to your body.
Does keto hurt your liver?
The ketogenic diet is a high-fat, moderate-protein, low-carbohydrate diet that can induce weight loss and improvement in glycemic control, but poses a risk of inducing hyperlipidemia, elevation of liver enzymes and onset of fatty liver disease.
How long is too long to be on a keto diet?
According to a recent survey of doctors by Readers Digest, dieters shouldn’t stay on the high-fat, low-carb Keto diet for longer than six months, although one local dietitian said adults shouldn’t be on the diet at all.