Normally, your body burns sugar for energy. But if you don’t have enough sugar in your body for energy, your body burns fat instead and produces substances called ketones. The ketones end up in your blood and urine. It’s normal to have a small amount of ketones in your body.
Is it normal to have ketones in urine?
If your cells don’t get enough glucose, your body burns fat for energy instead. This produces a substance called ketones, which can show up in your blood and urine. High ketone levels in urine may indicate diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), a complication of diabetes that can lead to a coma or even death.
What is a normal ketone level in urine?
What do my results mean?
|normal/negative||less than 0.6 millimoles per liter (mmol/L)|
|low to moderate||0.6 to 1.5 mmol/L|
|high||1.6 to 3.0 mmol/L|
|very high||greater than 3.0 mmol/L|
Is it good to have no ketones in urine?
When you don’t have enough insulin, your body uses fat as an energy source instead—which is turned into ketones by your liver. After ketones have been created, they’re sent into your bloodstream for your muscles and tissues to use as fuel. In most people, ketones don’t pose a problem.
What does the presence of ketones in the urine indicate?
The presence of ketones in the urine probably indicates that the body is using fats rather than carbohydrates for energy. High levels of ketones may be present in the urine of individuals with uncontrolled diabetes because the body’s ability to metabolize carbohydrates is defective.
What should I do if I have ketones in my urine?
Talk to your doctor immediately if your urine results show moderate or large amounts of ketones. This is a sign that your diabetes is out of control, or that you are getting sick. If you are unable to reach your diabetes care team, head for the emergency room or an urgent care facility.
Can infection cause ketones in urine?
Excess ketones build up in the blood and eventually “spill over” into the urine. Diabetic ketoacidosis is usually triggered by: An illness. An infection or other illness can cause your body to produce higher levels of certain hormones, such as adrenaline or cortisol.
Can dehydration cause ketones in urine?
Dehydration. High blood sugar levels, which lead to high ketone levels, significantly increase urination and can lead to dehydration.
How long do ketones show up in urine?
The strips typically expire within three to six months after opening, so keep in mind how often you intend to use them ( 7 ). If you want to check your urine ketones day-to-day, stick with a specific time, like in the morning or several hours after your last meal of the day, for best comparison ( 8 ).
Is 5mg of ketones in urine bad?
Normally only small amounts of ketones are excreted daily in the urine (3-15 mg). High or increased values may be found in: Poorly controlled diabetes. Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA).
Can you be in ketosis and not have ketones in your urine?
Ketosis is the presence of ketones. It’s not harmful. You can be in ketosis if you’re on a low-carbohydrate diet or fasting, or if you’ve consumed too much alcohol. If you’re in ketosis, you have a higher than usual level of ketones in your blood or urine, but not high enough to cause acidosis.
Does drinking water reduce ketones?
Ketones are acidic and some of these ketone bodies are flushed out instead of used for fuel to ensure they don’t accumulate in the body. Drinking more water supports the kidneys’ role of filtering out any unnecessary toxins that may be lingering.
What is the fastest way to get rid of ketones?
You can also try these steps to bring down your ketone levels:
- Drink extra water to flush them out of your body.
- Test your blood sugar every 3 to 4 hours.
- Don’t exercise if you have high blood sugar and high ketones.
Can you have ketones without having diabetes?
People without diabetes can also have ketones in the urine if their body is using fat for fuel instead of glucose. This can happen with chronic vomiting, extreme exercise, low-carbohydrate diets, or eating disorders.
Do you want high or low ketones in urine?
The sweet spot for weight loss is 1.5 to 3.0 mmol/l. This level of nutritional ketosis is recommended by researchers Stephen Phinney and Jeff Volek. Ketone levels of 0.5 to 1.5 mmol/l, light nutritional ketosis, is also beneficial although not to the degree of full nutritional ketosis.
Can you have ketones with normal blood sugar?
Ketones can also be present when your blood sugar is normal or low.