If your cells don’t get enough glucose, your body burns fat for energy instead. This produces a substance called ketones, which can show up in your blood and urine. High ketone levels in urine may indicate diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), a complication of diabetes that can lead to a coma or even death.
What does the presence of ketones in the urine indicate?
The presence of ketones in the urine probably indicates that the body is using fats rather than carbohydrates for energy. High levels of ketones may be present in the urine of individuals with uncontrolled diabetes because the body’s ability to metabolize carbohydrates is defective.
Can you have ketones without having diabetes?
People without diabetes can also have ketones in the urine if their body is using fat for fuel instead of glucose. This can happen with chronic vomiting, extreme exercise, low-carbohydrate diets, or eating disorders.
What should I do if I have ketones in my urine?
Talk to your doctor immediately if your urine results show moderate or large amounts of ketones. This is a sign that your diabetes is out of control, or that you are getting sick. If you are unable to reach your diabetes care team, head for the emergency room or an urgent care facility.
What can cause high ketones?
The causes of high levels of ketones and therefore ketones in your urine include:
- Poorly controlled diabetes.
- Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA).
- Starvation: not eating for prolonged periods (for example, 12 to 18 hours).
- Anorexia nervosa.
- Bulimia nervosa.
- Alcohol dependency.
- Ketogenic diet (high-fat, low-carbohydrate diet).
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Does drinking water reduce ketones?
Drinking more water
Many people suggest that drinking more water may help reduce a person’s keto breath. This is because the body expels more ketones in urine rather than as a breath. By drinking water, people will produce more urine, which will help expel many of the ketones from the body.
What is the fastest way to get rid of ketones?
You can also try these steps to bring down your ketone levels:
- Drink extra water to flush them out of your body.
- Test your blood sugar every 3 to 4 hours.
- Don’t exercise if you have high blood sugar and high ketones.
Can dehydration cause ketones in urine?
Dehydration. High blood sugar levels, which lead to high ketone levels, significantly increase urination and can lead to dehydration.
Do ketones in urine always mean diabetes?
The test is often used to help monitor people at a higher risk of developing ketones. These include people with type 1 or type 2 diabetes. If you have diabetes, ketones in urine can mean that you are not getting enough insulin.
Are high ketones a sign of diabetes?
Diabetic ketoacidosis is a serious complication of diabetes that occurs when your body produces high levels of blood acids called ketones. The condition develops when your body can’t produce enough insulin.
Is it good to have ketones in your urine?
Ketones aren’t dangerous for the average person. However, if you’re diabetic, ketones can be life threatening. To make sure that you stay safe, it’s important to measure your blood glucose levels regularly and go to your doctor for a urinalysis if you’re experiencing any signs or symptoms of excess ketones.
Is trace of ketones in urine bad?
In people with diabetes, high levels of ketones in the urine can indicate a serious complication called diabetic ketoacidosis. But excess ketones can also accompany other health problems. In people with diabetes, high levels of ketones in the urine can indicate a serious complication called diabetic ketoacidosis.
Can a UTI cause ketones in urine?
WBCs in the urine may mean a UTI is present. Ketones. When fat is broken down for energy, the body makes substances called ketones (or ketone bodies).
What happens when ketones are high?
Ketones can show up in blood or urine. High ketone levels may indicate diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), a complication of diabetes that can lead to a coma or even death. A ketones in blood test can prompt you to get treatment before a medical emergency occurs.
What ketone level is too high?
1.6 to 3.0 mmol/L – a high level of ketones and could present a risk of ketoacidosis. It is advisable to contact your healthcare team for advice. Above 3.0 mmol/L – a dangerous level of ketones which will require immediate medical care.
What organs are affected by ketoacidosis?
DKA can cause complications such as:
- Low levels of potassium (hypokalemia)
- Swelling inside the brain (cerebral edema)
- Fluid inside your lungs (pulmonary edema)
- Damage to your kidney or other organs from your fluid loss.