If your cells don’t get enough glucose, your body burns fat for energy instead. This produces a substance called ketones, which can show up in your blood and urine. High ketone levels in urine may indicate diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), a complication of diabetes that can lead to a coma or even death.
Does everyone have ketones in their urine?
Everyone has them, whether you have diabetes or not. Ketones are chemicals made in your liver. You produce them when you don’t have enough of the hormone insulin in your body to turn sugar (or “glucose”) into energy. You need another source, so your body uses fat instead.
What is a normal ketone level in urine?
Small: <20 mg/dL. Moderate: 30 to 40 mg/dL. Large: >80 mg/dL.
What does a small amount of ketones in urine mean?
Small or trace amounts of ketones may mean that ketone buildup is starting. You should increase your intake of fluids (water is best) and take other steps to get your blood sugar levels in check. You should test again in a few hours. Call your doctor if the levels increase.
What do Ketones look like in pee?
People with diabetes may have a very high level of ketones in their bloodstream. When the body excretes these in urine, they can make the urine smell like popcorn. A high level of ketones in the urine or blood is called ketosis.
Why do I have ketones in my urine if I’m not diabetic?
People without diabetes can also have ketones in the urine if their body is using fat for fuel instead of glucose. This can happen with chronic vomiting, extreme exercise, low-carbohydrate diets, or eating disorders.
Does drinking water reduce ketones?
Drinking more water
Many people suggest that drinking more water may help reduce a person’s keto breath. This is because the body expels more ketones in urine rather than as a breath. By drinking water, people will produce more urine, which will help expel many of the ketones from the body.
Is a trace of ketones in urine bad?
Ketones aren’t dangerous for the average person. However, if you’re diabetic, ketones can be life threatening. To make sure that you stay safe, it’s important to measure your blood glucose levels regularly and go to your doctor for a urinalysis if you’re experiencing any signs or symptoms of excess ketones.
How do I get rid of ketones in my urine?
You can also try these steps to bring down your ketone levels:
- Drink extra water to flush them out of your body.
- Test your blood sugar every 3 to 4 hours.
- Don’t exercise if you have high blood sugar and high ketones.
How high is too high for ketones in urine?
What do my results mean?
|normal/negative||less than 0.6 millimoles per liter (mmol/L)|
|low to moderate||0.6 to 1.5 mmol/L|
|high||1.6 to 3.0 mmol/L|
|very high||greater than 3.0 mmol/L|
Is 5mg of ketones in urine bad?
Normally only small amounts of ketones are excreted daily in the urine (3-15 mg). High or increased values may be found in: Poorly controlled diabetes. Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA).
Can dehydration cause ketones in urine?
Dehydration. High blood sugar levels, which lead to high ketone levels, significantly increase urination and can lead to dehydration.
Can a UTI cause ketones in urine?
WBCs in the urine may mean a UTI is present. Ketones. When fat is broken down for energy, the body makes substances called ketones (or ketone bodies).
How long do ketones stay in urine?
The strips typically expire within three to six months after opening, so keep in mind how often you intend to use them ( 7 ). If you want to check your urine ketones day-to-day, stick with a specific time, like in the morning or several hours after your last meal of the day, for best comparison ( 8 ).
Do you want high or low ketones in urine?
The sweet spot for weight loss is 1.5 to 3.0 mmol/l. This level of nutritional ketosis is recommended by researchers Stephen Phinney and Jeff Volek. Ketone levels of 0.5 to 1.5 mmol/l, light nutritional ketosis, is also beneficial although not to the degree of full nutritional ketosis.
How long does it take for ketones to show up in urine?
In general, it should take you 2–4 days to enter ketosis. However, some people may find they need a week or longer. The time it takes depends on various factors, such as your age, metabolism, exercise level, and current carb, protein, and fat intake.